Ramkumar Radhakrishnan, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
Last updated: February 23, 2021
Disclosure: Curated with the help of the Feminist Collective at Ashoka University
Farmers in Punjab and Haryana have been protesting against three farm reform laws — the Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, and the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act. The resources provided below will provide a clear understanding of the laws and their implications, the historical context and the ground reality.
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1 | VideoInterview / Discussion
Remember to switch on English subtitles if needed.
2 | TextLegal / Govt. Document
Provides a detailed yet comprehensible breakdown of the 2020 Agricultural Ordinances from a largely legal perspective
3 | VideoExplainer / Talk
"Farmers across the country are protesting against the latest farm laws that were passed by the government.
In this explainer video, we try to analyse the entire situation of farmers and simplify the laws to understand the entire context and importance of the story."
4 | TextOpinion / Analysis
A concise article that lays out the impact of each of the 2020 farm bills on women farmers.
5 | TextOpinion / Analysis
Controversial new farm laws do not address enduring farm problems. They may lead agriculture to become a capital-intensive, complicated and globalised business that will likely benefit large farmers and further strain millions of already stressed small to medium, marginal and tenant farmers.
6 | TextNews / Reportage
This article quotes several interviews with women from Punjab and demonstrates how the protests in Delhi are a culmination of several injustices and demands ignored by the government. It also reveals the particular stakes of women and what it means for them to be involved in these protests.
7 | TextOpinion / Analysis
"The farm Bills were passed by a voice vote despite opposition MPs asking for a division vote - which the NDA clearly was not in a position to win."
The author is a former official of the Rajya Sabha secretariat.
8 | TextOpinion / Analysis
This article outlines how the corporatization of agriculture in pursuit of simple GDP growth is antithetical to food security, nutrition, and soil health. It emphasizes the need to create economic and political systems that promote and protect small farms.
"Colin Todhunter is an extensively published researcher and writer who specialises in development, food, agriculture and the environment. Although based in Europe, he has spent almost a decade in India. In 2018, Transcend Media Service named him as one of 400 'Living Peace and Justice Leaders and Models' in recognition of his work."
9 | TextReport / Review
The reports contain suggestions to achieve the goal of “faster and more inclusive growth”. It discusses land reform, farmers suicides, food security, and much more. There is a section on the third page titled 'Competitiveness of Farmers' which advocates for expanding the scope of the Minimum Support Price to crops other than paddy and wheat, and ensuring that the MSP is at least 50% more than the weighted average cost of production. This report has been regularly cited by the farmers protesting against the farm bills in 2020.
10 | TextAcademic Paper / Journal
The arguments presented within are a striking critique of neoliberal politics and economic policies. It might be helpful to look up "biopower" and "neoliberalism" before reading this paper.